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Stories We Like: A Guide to the Comma

new

[noo, nyoo] /nu, nyu/
adjective, newer, newest.
1.
of recent origin, production, purchase, etc.; having but lately come or been brought into being:
a new book.
2.
of a kind now existing or appearing for the first time; novel:
a new concept of the universe.
3.
having but lately or but now come into knowledge:
a new chemical element.
4.
unfamiliar or strange (often followed by to):
ideas new to us; to visit new lands.
5.
having but lately come to a place, position, status, etc.:
a reception for our new minister.
6.
unaccustomed (usually followed by to):
people new to such work.
7.
coming or occurring afresh; further; additional:
new gains.
8.
fresh or unused:
to start a new sheet of paper.
9.
(of physical or moral qualities) different and better:
The vacation made a new man of him.
10.
other than the former or the old:
a new era; in the New World.
11.
being the later or latest of two or more things of the same kind:
the New Testament; a new edition of Shakespeare.
12.
(initial capital letter) (of a language) in its latest known period, especially as a living language at the present time:
New High German.
adverb
13.
recently or lately (usually used in combination):
The valley was green with new-planted crops.
14.
freshly; anew or afresh (often used in combination):
roses new washed with dew; new-mown hay.
noun
15.
something that is new; a new object, quality, condition, etc.:
Ring out the old, ring in the new.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English newe (adj., adv., and noun), Old English nēowe, nīewe, nīwe (adj. and adv.); cognate with Dutch nieuw, German neu, Old Norse nȳr, Gothic niujis, Old Irish núe, Welsh newydd, Greek neîos; akin to Latin novus, OCS novŭ, Greek néos, Sanskrit navas
Related forms
newness, noun
quasi-new, adjective
quasi-newly, adverb
unnew, adjective
unnewness, noun
Can be confused
gnu, knew, new.
Synonym Study
New, fresh, novel describe things that have not existed or have not been known or seen before. New refers to something recently made, grown, or built, or recently found, invented, or discovered: a new car; new techniques. Fresh refers to something that has retained its original properties, or has not been affected by use or the passage of time: fresh strawberries; fresh ideas. Novel refers to something new that has an unexpected, strange, or striking quality, generally pleasing: a novel experience.
Pronunciation note
Following the alveolar consonants [t] /t/ (Show IPA) [d] /d/ and [n] /n/ two main types of pronunciation occur for the “long” vowel represented by the spellings u, ue, discontinuous u...e, and ew, as in student, due, nude, and new. In the North and North Midland U.S. [oo] /u/ immediately follows the alveolar consonant: [stood-nt] /ˈstud nt/ [doo] /du/ [nood] /nud/ and [noo] /nu/ . In the South Midland and Southern U.S., pronunciations of the type [styood-nt] /ˈstyud nt/ [dyoo] /dyu/ [nyood] /nyud/ and [nyoo] /nyu/ predominate. Both these types are traceable to England, as well as some less common ones, for example, those in which the high front vowel [i] /ɪ/ substitutes for the [y] /y/ . A belief that the [yoo] /yu/ pronunciations are more prestigious sometimes leads to hypercorrection, the insertion of the y sound where historically it does not belong, leading to such pronunciations as [nyoon] /nyun/ for noon. Currently in the United States, a [y] /y/ following [s] /s/ [z] /z/ [th] /θ/ and [l] /l/ as in sue [syoo] /syu/ resume [ri-zyoom] /rɪˈzyum/ enthusiasm [en-thyoo-see-az-uh m] /ɛnˈθyu siˌæz əm/ and illusion [ih-lyoo-zhuh n] /ɪˈlyu ʒən/ is used by some speakers, but is considered affected by others.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for new
  • new refinancing activity and additional sales could help to strengthen the economic recovery.
  • Students should share and discuss their notes and ideas with their new groups.
  • Scientists are discovering new species all the time.
  • Head four hours in any direction and it's a wild new world.
  • With this new generation, a new fashion had come in.
  • Bad language could be good for you, a new study shows.
  • Six papers posted online present new satellite snapshots of the earliest light in the universe.
  • The collection includes work from eight past books and 16 new poems.
  • We are open to all new gamers and there friends.
  • Astronomers have detected two new moons around Uranus.
British Dictionary definitions for new

new

/njuː/
adjective
1.
  1. recently made or brought into being a new dress, our new baby
  2. (as collective noun; preceded by the) the new
2.
of a kind never before existing; novel a new concept in marketing
3.
having existed before but only recently discovered a new comet
4.
markedly different from what was before the new liberalism
5.
fresh and unused; not second-hand a new car
6.
(prenominal) having just or recently become a new bride
7.
often foll by to or at. recently introduced (to); inexperienced (in) or unaccustomed (to) new to this neighbourhood
8.
(capital in names or titles) more or most recent of two or more things with the same name the New Testament
9.
(prenominal) fresh; additional I'll send some new troops
10.
(often foll by to) unknown; novel this is new to me
11.
(of a cycle) beginning or occurring again a new year
12.
(prenominal) (of crops) harvested early new carrots
13.
changed, esp for the better she returned a new woman from her holiday
14.
up-to-date; fashionable
15.
(capital when part of a name; prenominal) being the most recent, usually living, form of a language New High German
16.
the new, the new vogue comedy is the new rock'n'roll
17.
turn over a new leaf, to reform; make a fresh start
adverb (usually in combination)
18.
recently, freshly new-laid eggs
19.
anew; again
See also news
related
prefix neo-
Derived Forms
newness, noun
Word Origin
Old English nīowe; related to Gothic niujis, Old Norse naujas, Latin novus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for new
new
O.E. neowe, niowe, earlier niwe, from P.Gmc. *newjaz (cf. O.Fris. nie, Du. nieuw, Ger. neu, Dan., Swed. ny, Goth. niujis "new"), from PIE *newos (cf. Skt. navah, Pers. nau, Hittite newash, Gk. neos, Lith. naujas, O.C.S. novu, Rus. novyi, L. novus, O.Ir. nue, Welsh newydd "new"). Newly-wed (n.) first recorded 1918. Newborn is c.1300 as an adj., 1879 as a noun. New math in ref. to a system of teaching mathematics based on investigation and discovery is from 1958. New England was named 1616 by Capt. John Smith; Newfoundland is from 1585. New World to designate phenomena of the Western Hemisphere first attested 1823, in Lord Byron.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for new

new

Related Terms

what else is new


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with new
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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