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Nicaea

[nahy-see-uh] /naɪˈsi ə/
noun
1.
an ancient city in NW Asia Minor: Nicene Creed formulated here a.d.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Nicaea

Nicaea

/naɪˈsiːə/
noun
1.
an ancient city in NW Asia Minor, in Bithynia: site of the first council of Nicaea (325 ad), which composed the Nicene Creed Modern Turkish name Iznik
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for Nicaea

Iznik

town, northwestern Turkey. It lies on the eastern shore of Lake Iznik. Founded in the 4th century BC by the Macedonian king Antigonus I Monophthalmus, it was an important centre in late Roman and Byzantine times (see Nicaea, councils of; Nicaea, empire of). The ancient city's Roman and Byzantine ramparts, 14,520 feet (4,426 m) in circumference, remain. The town was besieged and conquered in 1331 by the Ottoman Turks, who renamed it Iznik and built the Green Mosque (1378-91). Iznik's prosperity, which was interrupted by the competing growth of nearby Istanbul as an Ottoman centre after 1453, revived in the 16th century with the introduction of faience pottery making. Iznik subsequently became famous for its magnificent tiles, but after the workshops were transferred to Istanbul in about 1700, Iznik began to decline. Its economy suffered a further blow with the construction of a major railway bypassing the town. Today Iznik is a small market town and administrative centre for the surrounding district. Pop. (2000) 20,169.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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