pandour

pandour

[pan-door]
noun
1.
History/Historical. a member of a local militia in Croatia, formed as a regiment in the Austrian army in the 18th century and noted for its ruthlessness and cruelty.
2.
a brutal, marauding soldier.

Origin:
1740–50; < French pandour(e) ≪ Serbo-Croatian pàndūr community or city policeman, pandour, probably < Hungarian pandúr < Slavic *pǫdarĭ (> Serbo-Croatian pùdār one who guards a vineyard), derivative of *pǫditi to drive off, frighten; the Serbo-Croatian variant bàndūr (17th century) may result from crossing with Medieval Latin banderia or Italian bandiera troop, literally, banner

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World English Dictionary
pandour (ˈpændʊə)
 
n
one of an 18th-century force of Croatian soldiers in the Austrian service, notorious for their brutality
 
[C18: via French from Hungarian pandur, from Croat: guard, probably from Medieval Latin banderius summoner, from bannumban1]

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