|an arrangement of five objects, as trees, in a square or rectangle, one at each corner and one in the middle.|
|a printed punctuation mark (‽), available only in some typefaces, designed to combine the question mark (?) and the exclamation point (!), indicating a mixture of query and interjection, as after a rhetorical question.|
|a republic in W Europe, between the English Channel, the Mediterranean, and the Atlantic: the largest country wholly in Europe; became a republic in 1793 after the French Revolution and an empire in 1804 under Napoleon; reverted to a monarchy (1815--48), followed by the Second Republic (1848--52), the Second Empire (1852--70), the Third Republic (1870--1940), and the Fourth and Fifth Republics (1946 and 1958); a member of the European Union. It is generally flat or undulating in the north and west and mountainous in the south and east. Official language: French. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: euro. Capital: Paris. Pop: 60 434 000 (2004 est). Area: (including Corsica) 551 600 sq km (212 973 sq miles)Related: French, Gallic|
|Related: French, Gallic|
|Paris1 (ˈpærɪs, French pari)|
|1.||Ancient name: Lutetia the capital of France, in the north on the River Seine: constitutes a department; dates from the 3rd century |
|2.||Treaty of Paris|
|a. a treaty of 1783 between the US, Britain, France, and Spain, ending the War of American Independence|
|b. a treaty of 1763 signed by Britain, France, and Spain that ended their involvement in the Seven Years' War|
|c. a treaty of 1898 between Spain and the US bringing to an end the Spanish-American War|
|[via French and Old French, from Late Latin (Lūtētia) Parisiōrum (marshes) of the Parisii, a tribe of Celtic Gaul]|
Nation in Europe bordered by Belgium and Luxembourg to the north; Germany, Switzerland, and Italy to the east; the Mediterranean Sea and Spain to the south; and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Its capital and largest city is Paris.
Note: During the reign of Louis XIV (1653–1715), France was a principal world power and cultural center of Europe.
Note: The French Revolution, organized by leaders of the middle class and lower class, brought about an end to the French absolute monarchy and forged a transition from feudalism to the industrial era. A bloody and chaotic period, the Revolution helped lay the foundations of modern political philosophy and ultimately engulfed much of Europe in the Napoleonic Wars. (See Napoleon Bonaparte.)
Note: In the French and Indian War in the 1750s, the British and colonial forces drove the French from Canada and the region of the Great Lakes.
Note: In World War I, France was one of the Allies; much of that war was fought on French soil.
Note: In World War II, France's military resistance to the German army collapsed in the spring of 1940. Germans occupied much of France from 1940 to 1944. In 1944, the Allies invaded France, along with French troops, and drove the Germans out of France, finally defeating them in 1945.
Note: France is known for its wine, cheese, and cooking.
Capital of France and the largest city in the country, located in north-central France on the Seine River; an international cultural and intellectual center, as well as the commercial and industrial focus of France.
Note: In the Treaty of Paris (1783), Britain formally acknowledged the independence of the thirteen colonies as the United States.
Note: In the 1920s, Paris was home to many artists and writers from the United States and other countries.
Note: During World War II, German troops occupied the city from 1940 to 1944.
Note: The city's tourist attractions include the Eiffel Tower, the Louvre Museum, and the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris. The Champs Élysées is the most famous of its many celebrated streets, avenues, and boulevards.
Note: Paris is a center for fashion and design.
Note: It is called the “City of Light.”