penitent

[pen-i-tuhnt]
adjective
1.
feeling or expressing sorrow for sin or wrongdoing and disposed to atonement and amendment; repentant; contrite.
noun
2.
a penitent person.
3.
Roman Catholic Church. a person who confesses sin and submits to a penance.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English < Medieval Latin pēnitent-, Latin paenitent- (stem of paenitēns), present participle of paenitēre to regret; replacing Middle English penaunt < Anglo-French; see penance

penitently, adverb
nonpenitent, adjective, noun
unpenitent, adjective
unpenitently, adverb


1. remorseful, rueful, sorrowful.


1. unrepentant, impenitent.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
penitent (ˈpɛnɪtənt)
 
adj
1.  feeling regret for one's sins; repentant
 
n
2.  a person who is penitent
3.  Christianity
 a.  a person who repents his sins and seeks forgiveness for them
 b.  RC Church a person who confesses his sins to a priest and submits to a penance imposed by him
 
[C14: from Church Latin paenitēns regretting, from paenitēre to repent, of obscure origin]
 
'penitence
 
n
 
'penitently
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

penitent
late 14c. (adj.), mid-15c. (n.), from O.Fr. pénitent (14c.), from L. paenitentem (see penitence).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
His three canonical epistles prescribe the term of canonical penance to be enjoined penitents for their sins.
There are no scenes of tormented penitents being denied consolation.
Penitents are oriented individually toward the noon-day sun, and usually occur in east-west lines.
Common-law wives were more numerous that penitents at the cross.
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