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peremptory

[puh-remp-tuh-ree, per-uh mp-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /pəˈrɛmp tə ri, ˈpɛr əmpˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/
adjective
1.
leaving no opportunity for denial or refusal; imperative:
a peremptory command.
2.
imperious or dictatorial.
3.
positive or assertive in speech, tone, manner, etc.
4.
Law.
  1. that precludes or does not admit of debate, question, etc.:
    a peremptory edict.
  2. decisive or final.
  3. in which a command is absolute and unconditional:
    a peremptory writ.
Origin
1505-1515
1505-15; < Latin peremptōrius final, decisive, literally, deadly, destructive (derivative of perimere to take away fully, destroy, slay), equivalent to per- per- + em-, base of emere to buy, orig. to take + -tōrius -tory1, with intrusive p
Related forms
peremptorily, adverb
peremptoriness, noun
overperemptorily, adverb
overperemptorilyness, noun
overperemptory, adjective
unperemptorily, adverb
unperemptoriness, noun
unperemptory, adjective
Can be confused
peremptory, preemptive.
Synonyms
2. arbitrary, dogmatic, domineering.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for peremptorily
  • Each side in a trial has the right to peremptorily reject a given number of potential jurors without stating a reason.
  • He peremptorily announces what he means by his words.
  • The state, on the trial of any criminal prosecution, may challenge peremptorily the same number of jurors as the accused.
  • The defense and prosecution shall each be allowed to peremptorily challenge twelve jurors.
  • The court then proceeded to inquire into the age of each of the white males who had been peremptorily challenged.
  • When court has discretion to sentence for life, accused may challenge fifteen jurors peremptorily.
  • In addition to challenges for cause provided by law, each party peremptorily may challenge three prospective jurors.
  • The defense and the prosecuting authority may peremptorily challenge three jurors each.
  • The number shocked him and he ruled peremptorily that the distribution should be substantially reduced.
  • In any case when the court directs the selection of alternate jurors, each party may peremptorily challenge four jurors.
British Dictionary definitions for peremptorily

peremptory

/pəˈrɛmptərɪ/
adjective
1.
urgent or commanding: a peremptory ring on the bell
2.
not able to be remitted or debated; decisive
3.
positive or assured in speech, manner, etc; dogmatic
4.
(law)
  1. admitting of no denial or contradiction; precluding debate
  2. obligatory rather than permissive
Derived Forms
peremptorily, adverb
peremptoriness, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Anglo-Norman peremptorie, from Latin peremptōrius decisive, from perimere to take away completely, from per- (intensive) + emere to take
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for peremptorily

peremptory

adj.

"decisive," mid-15c., legal term, from Anglo-French peremptorie, from Middle French peremtoire, from Latin peremptorius "destructive, decisive, final," from peremptor "destroyer," from perimpere "destroy, cut off," from per- "away entirely, to destruction" (see per) + emere "to take" (see exempt (adj.)). Of persons or their words, "certain, assured, brooking no debate," 1580s. Related: Peremptorily.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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