[pith-i-kan-thruh-puhs, -kuhn-throh-puhs]
a former genus of extinct hominids whose members have now been assigned to the proposed species Homo erectus.

< Neo-Latin (1891) < Greek píthēk(os) ape + ánthrōpos man

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World English Dictionary
pithecanthropus (ˌpɪθɪkænˈθrəʊpəs, -ˈkænθrə-)
n , pl -pi
Java man See Peking man any primitive apelike man of the former genus Pithecanthropus, now included in the genus Homo
[C19: New Latin, from Greek pithēkos ape + anthrōpos man]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"genus of extinct primates," 1895, from Mod.L., lit. "monkey-man," from Gk. pithekos "ape" + anthropos "man" (see anthropo-). Coined 1868 by Haeckel as a name for a hypothetical link between apes and men (attested in Eng. in this sense from 1876); applied by Dr. Eugène
Dubois (1858-1940), physician of the Du. army in Java, to remains he found there in 1891.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
pithecanthropus   (pĭth'ĭ-kān'thrə-pəs, -kān-thrō'pəs)  Pronunciation Key 
An extinct hominid postulated from bones found in Java in 1891 and originally designated Pithecanthropus erectus because it was thought to represent a species evolutionarily between apes and humans. Pithecanthropus is now classified as Homo erectus. Also called Java man. See more at Homo erectus.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
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