[pol-it-byoor-oh, poh-lit-, puh-lit-]
(often lowercase) the executive committee and chief policymaking body of a Communist Party.
Also, Politbureau.

< Russian politbyuró, shortening of politícheskoe byuró political bureau

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World English Dictionary
Politburo (ˈpɒlɪtˌbjʊərəʊ)
1.  the executive and policy-making committee of a Communist Party
2.  the supreme policy-making authority in most Communist countries
[C20: from Russian: contraction of Politicheskoe Buro political bureau]

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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
politburo [(pol-it-byoor-oh, poh-lit-byoor-oh)]

A commonly used name for those who made the major governmental decisions in the former Soviet Union. A politburo, in general, is the chief committee of a communist party.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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