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Prussian

[pruhsh-uh n] /ˈprʌʃ ən/
adjective
1.
of or pertaining to Prussia or its inhabitants.
2.
characterized by, exemplifying, or resembling Prussianism.
noun
3.
a native or inhabitant of Prussia.
4.
(originally) one of a Lettic people formerly inhabiting territory along and near the coast at the southeastern corner of the Baltic Sea.
5.
a Baltic language formerly spoken in Prussia; Old Prussian.
Abbreviation: Pruss.
Origin
1555-1565
1555-65; Prussi(a) + -an
Related forms
non-Prussian, noun, adjective
pro-Prussian, adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Prussian

Prussian

/ˈprʌʃən/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or characteristic of Prussia or its people, esp of the Junkers and their formal military tradition
noun
2.
a German native or inhabitant of Prussia
3.
a member of a Baltic people formerly inhabiting the coastal area of the SE Baltic
4.
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Prussian

1550s (n.), 1560s (adj.), from Prussia + -an. Prussian blue pigment (1724) came to English from French bleu de Prusse, so called for being discovered in Berlin, the Prussian capital.

All in all, it seems that Prussian blue was synthesised for the first time around 1706 by the Swiss immigrant Johann Jacob Diesbach in Berlin. [Jens Bartoll and Bärbel Jackisch, "Prussian Blue: A Chronology of the Early Years," "Zeitschrift für Kunsttechnologie und Konservierung" 24, No. 1, 2010]
Early German sources refer to it as Preußisches Ultra-Marin and berliner blau. Prussic acid (1790), is from French acide prussique, so called in reference to prussian blue pigment, to which it is chemically related.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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