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ptarmigan

[tahr-mi-guh n] /ˈtɑr mɪ gən/
noun, plural ptarmigans (especially collectively) ptarmigan.
1.
any of several grouses of the genus Lagopus, of mountainous and cold northern regions, having feathered feet.
Origin of ptarmigan
1590-1600
1590-1600; pseudo-Greek spelling of Scots Gaelic tarmarchan, akin to Irish tarmanach
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for ptarmigan

ptarmigan

/ˈtɑːmɪɡən/
noun (pl) -gans, -gan
1.
any of several arctic and subarctic grouse of the genus Lagopus, esp L. mutus, which has a white winter plumage
2.
(sometimes capital) a created domestic fancy pigeon with ruffled or curled feathers on the wings and back
Word Origin
C16: changed (perhaps influenced by Greek pteron wing) from Scottish Gaelic tarmachan, diminutive of tarmach, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for ptarmigan
n.

bird of the grouse family, 1590s, from Gaelic tarmachan, of unknown origin. The pt- spelling (1680s) is a mistaken Greek construction (perhaps based on pteron "wing").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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