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Ptolemy

[tol-uh-mee] /ˈtɒl ə mi/
noun, plural Ptolemies for 2.
1.
(Claudius Ptolemaeus) flourished a.d. 127–151, Hellenistic mathematician, astronomer, and geographer in Alexandria.
2.
any of the kings of the Macedonian dynasty that ruled Egypt 323–30 b.c.

Ptolemy I

noun
1.
(surnamed Soter) 367?–280 b.c, ruler of Egypt 323–285: founder of Macedonian dynasty in Egypt.

Ptolemy II

noun
1.
(surnamed Philadelphus) 309?–247? b.c, king of Egypt 285–247? (son of Ptolemy I).
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Ptolemy

Ptolemy

/ˈtɒlɪmɪ/
noun
1.
Latin name Claudius Ptolemaeus. 2nd century ad, Greek astronomer, mathematician, and geographer. His Geography was the standard geographical textbook until the discoveries of the 15th century. His system of astronomy (see Ptolemaic system), as expounded in the Almagest, remained undisputed until the Copernican system was evolved

Ptolemy I

noun
1.
called Ptolemy Soter. ?367–283 bc, king of Egypt (323–285 bc), a general of Alexander the Great, who obtained Egypt on Alexander's death and founded the Ptolemaic dynasty: his capital Alexandria became the centre of Greek culture

Ptolemy II

noun
1.
called Philadelphus. 309–246 bc, the son of Ptolemy I; king of Egypt (285–246). Under his rule the power, prosperity, and culture of Egypt was at its height
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Ptolemy

ancient masc. proper name, from Greek Ptolemaios, literally "warlike," from ptolemos, collateral form of polemos "war." Cf. Ptolemaic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Ptolemy in Science
Ptolemy
  (tŏl'ə-mē)   
Greek astronomer and mathematician who based his astronomy on the belief that all heavenly bodies revolved around Earth. Ptolemy's model of the solar system endured until the 16th century when Nicolaus Copernicus proposed that the heavenly bodies in the solar system orbited the Sun.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Ptolemy in Culture
Ptolemy [(tol-uh-mee)]

An ancient Greek astronomer, living in Egypt, who proposed a way of calculating the movements of the planets on the assumption that they, along with the sun and the stars, were embedded in clear spheres that revolved around the Earth. The system of Ptolemy, called the Ptolemaic universe, prevailed in astronomy for nearly fifteen hundred years, until the modern model of the solar system, with the sun at the center and the planets in motion, was developed from the ideas of Copernicus.

Ptolemy [(tol-uh-mee)]

An ancient Greek astronomer, living in Egypt, who proposed a way of calculating the movements of the planets on the assumption that they, along with the sun and the stars, revolved around the Earth. (See Ptolemaic universe.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Ptolemy in Technology

A flexible foundation for the specification, simulation, and rapid prototyping of systems. It is an object-oriented framework within which diverse models of computation can co-exist and interact. For example, using Ptolemy a data-flow system can be easily connected to a hardware simulator which in turn may be connected to a discrete-event system. Because of this, Ptolemy can be used to model entire systems. In addition, Ptolemy now has code generation capabilities. From a flow graph description, Ptolemy can generate both C code and DSP assembly code for rapid prototyping. Note that code generation is not yet complete, and is included in the current release for demonstration purposes only.
Version 0.4.1 includes a graphical algorithm layout, code generator and simulator. It requires C++, C and has been ported to Sun-4, MIPS/Ultrix; DSP56001, DSP96002. Ptolemy is an active research project.
(ftp://ptolemy.bekeley.edu/pub/ptolemy/). Mailing list: ptolemy-hackers-request@ohm.berkeley.edu. E-mail: ptolemy@ohm.berkeley.edu.
(1993-04-22)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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