the crisp, pungent, edible root of the plant, Raphanus sativus, of the mustard family, usually eaten raw.
the plant itself.

before 1000; late Middle English radish(e), variant (compare Old French radise, variant of radice) of Middle English radich(e), Old English rǣdic < Latin rādīc- (stem of rādīx root1); compare Old High German rātih, German Rettich

radishlike, adjective
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World English Dictionary
radish (ˈrædɪʃ)
1.  any of various plants of the genus Raphanus, esp R. sativus of Europe and Asia, cultivated for its edible root: family Brassicaceae (crucifers)
2.  the root of this plant, which has a pungent taste and is eaten raw in salads
3.  wild radish See charlock another name for white charlock
[Old English rǣdīc, from Latin rādīx root]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

late O.E. rædic, from L. radicem, acc. of radix "root," from PIE base *wrad- "twig, root" (cf. Gk. rhiza, Lesbian brisda "root;" Gk. hradamnos "branch;" Goth. waurts, O.E. wyrt, Welsh gwridd, O.Ir. fren "root").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In a medium bowl mix the radish with the parsley, olive oil, and pepper.
He'll serve a langoustine flanked by barely cooked tiny yellow carrots and a minute fronded radish.
Combine the shredded radish with thinly sliced red onion and diced snow peas.
Dietary surveys implicated radish sprouts from a nearby farm.
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