ruin

[roo-in]
noun
1.
ruins, the remains of a building, city, etc., that has been destroyed or that is in disrepair or a state of decay: We visited the ruins of ancient Greece.
2.
a destroyed or decayed building, town, etc.
3.
a fallen, wrecked, or decayed condition: The building fell to ruin.
4.
the downfall, decay, or destruction of anything.
5.
the complete loss of health, means, position, hope, or the like.
6.
something that causes a downfall or destruction; blight: Alcohol was his ruin.
7.
the downfall of a person; undoing: the ruin of Oedipus.
8.
a person as the wreck of his or her former self; ravaged individual.
9.
the act of causing destruction or a downfall.
verb (used with object)
10.
to reduce to ruin; devastate.
11.
to bring (a person, company, etc.) to financial ruin; bankrupt.
12.
to injure (a thing) irretrievably.
13.
to induce (a woman) to surrender her virginity; deflower.
verb (used without object)
14.
to fall into ruins; fall to pieces.
15.
to come to ruin.

Origin:
1325–75; (noun) Middle English ruine < Middle French < Latin ruīna headlong rush, fall, collapse, equivalent to ru(ere) to fall + -īna -ine2; (v.) (< Middle French ruiner) < Medieval Latin ruīnāre, derivative of Latin ruīna

ruinable, adjective
ruiner, noun
half-ruined, adjective
nonruinable, adjective
self-ruin, noun
self-ruined, adjective
unruinable, adjective


3. Ruin, destruction, havoc imply irrevocable and often widespread damage. Destruction may be on a large or small scale (destruction of tissue, of enemy vessels ); it emphasizes particularly the act of destroying, while ruin and havoc emphasize the resultant state. Ruin from the verb meaning to fall to pieces, suggests a state of decay or disintegration (or an object in that state) that is apt to be more the result of the natural processes of time and change than of sudden violent activity from without: The house has fallen to ruins. Only in its figurative application is it apt to suggest the result of destruction from without: the ruin of her hopes. Havoc originally a cry that served as the signal for pillaging, has changed its reference from that of spoliation to devastation, being used particularly of the destruction following in the wake of natural calamities: the havoc wrought by flood and pestilence. Today it is used figuratively to refer to the destruction of hopes and plans: This sudden turn of events played havoc with her carefully laid designs. 4. fall, overthrow, defeat, wreck. 10. demolish, destroy, damage. See spoil.


4. construction, creation.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
ruin (ˈruːɪn)
 
n
1.  destroyed or decayed building or town
2.  the state or condition of being destroyed or decayed
3.  loss of wealth, position, etc, or something that causes such loss; downfall
4.  something that is severely damaged: his life was a ruin
5.  a person who has suffered a downfall, bankruptcy, etc
6.  loss of value or usefulness
7.  archaic loss of her virginity by a woman outside marriage
 
vb
8.  (tr) to bring to ruin; destroy
9.  (tr) to injure or spoil: the town has been ruined with tower blocks
10.  archaic, poetic or (intr) to fall into ruins; collapse
 
[C14: from Old French ruine, from Latin ruīna a falling down, from ruere to fall violently]
 
'ruinable
 
adj
 
'ruiner
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ruin
late 14c., "act of giving way and falling down," from O.Fr. ruine, from L. ruina "a collapse" (cf. Sp. ruina, It. rovina), related to ruere "to rush, fall violently, collapse," of unknown origin. Meaning "complete destruction of anything" is from 1670s. The verb is first recorded 1580s, from the noun;
financial sense is attested from 1660. Ruins "remains of a decayed building or town" is from mid-15c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Improperly stored for centuries, many of these works have already been ruined.
That's how the police found me the other night, in these ruined houses.
It had its origin in the necessities of disordered finance, prostrate commerce,
  and ruined credit.
And the ignorant, an expression by which the shrewd sage is ruined.
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