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saint

[seynt] /seɪnt/
noun
1.
any of certain persons of exceptional holiness of life, formally recognized as such by the Christian Church, especially by canonization.
2.
a person of great holiness, virtue, or benevolence.
3.
a founder, sponsor, or patron, as of a movement or organization.
4.
(in certain religious groups) a designation applied by the members to themselves.
verb (used with object)
5.
to enroll formally among the saints recognized by the Church.
6.
to give the name of saint to; reckon as a saint.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English (noun and v.) < Old French (noun) < Latin sānctus sacred, adj. use of past participle of sancīre to consecrate, equivalent to sanc- (akin to sacer sacred) + -tus past participle suffix; replacing Old English sanct < Latin, as above
Related forms
saintless, adjective
outsaint, verb (used with object)
supersaint, noun

Saint

1.
For entries beginning with this word, see also St., Ste.

St.

1.
2.
statute; statutes.
3.
4.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for saint
  • The centre of the town features the ancient tower of saint leonard.
  • Both spirit prison and paradise are temporary according to latterday saint beliefs.
  • He is also regarded as the patron saint of those in the hospitality industry.
  • Nelson is buried at saint joseph cemetery in river grove, illinois.
  • This terminal also boasted the largest roundhouse between new york and saint louis.
  • Traditionally, brogan has also been used as a first name for boys, after the saint.
  • There is a close relationship between the octagonal church and the house of saint peter.
  • saint clement arrived to find the prisoners suffering from a great lack of water.
  • The story of little saint hugh became well known through medieval ballad poetry.
British Dictionary definitions for saint

saint

/seɪnt; unstressed sənt/
noun
1.
a person who after death is formally recognized by a Christian Church, esp the Roman Catholic Church, as having attained, through holy deeds or behaviour, a specially exalted place in heaven and the right to veneration
2.
a person of exceptional holiness or goodness
3.
(pl) (Bible) the collective body of those who are righteous in God's sight
verb
4.
(transitive) to canonize; recognize formally as a saint
Derived Forms
saintdom, noun
saintless, adjective
saintlike, adjective
Word Origin
C12: from Old French, from Latin sanctus holy, from sancīre to hallow

st.

abbreviation
1.
stanza
2.
statute
3.
(cricket) stumped by
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for saint
n.

early 12c., from Old French saint, seinte "a saint; a holy relic," displacing or altering Old English sanct, both from Latin sanctus "holy, consecrated" (used as a noun in Late Latin; also source of Spanish santo, santa, Italian san, etc.), properly past participle of sancire "consecrate" (see sacred). Adopted into most Germanic languages (cf. Old Frisian sankt, Dutch sint, German Sanct).

Originally an adjective prefixed to the name of a canonized person; by c.1300 it came to be regarded as a noun. Meaning "person of extraordinary holiness" is recorded from 1560s.

Saint, n. A dead sinner revised and edited. The Duchess of Orleans relates that the irreverent old calumniator, Marshal Villeroi, who in his youth had known St. Francis de Sales, said, on hearing him called saint: 'I am delighted to hear that Monsieur de Sales is a saint. He was fond of saying indelicate things, and used to cheat at cards. In other respects he was a perfect gentleman, though a fool.' [Ambrose Bierce, "Devil's Dictionary," 1911]



Perhaps you have imagined that this humility in the saints is a pious illusion at which God smiles. That is a most dangerous error. It is theoretically dangerous, because it makes you identify a virtue (i.e., a perfection) with an illusion (i.e., an imperfection), which must be nonsense. It is practically dangerous because it encourages a man to mistake his first insights into his own corruption for the first beginnings of a halo round his own silly head. No, depend upon it; when the saints say that they--even they--are vile, they are recording truth with scientific accuracy. [C.S. Lewis, "The Problem of Pain," 1940]
Applied widely to living things, diseases, objects and phenomena, e.g. Saint Bernard, the breed of mastiff dogs (1839), so called because they were used by the monks of the hospice of the pass of St. Bernard (between Italy and Switzerland) to rescue snowbound travelers; St. Elmo's Fire "corposant" (1560s) is from Italian fuoco di Sant'Elmo, named for the patron saint of Mediterranean sailors, a corruption of the name of St. Erasmus, an Italian bishop martyred in 303.

v.

"to enroll (someone) among the saints," late 14c., from saint (n.). Related: Sainted; sainting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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saint in Culture

saint definition


In Christianity, a holy person, living or dead; a person who has been saved (see salvation). Saint is the French word for “holy.” Many churches reserve the title of saint for persons who have died faithful to their Christian commitment. The Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church require certain procedures before people can be officially named saints; this procedure is called canonization.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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saint in Technology
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Related Abbreviations for saint

st.

  1. stanza
  2. state
  3. statute
  4. stet
  5. stitch
  6. stone
  7. strophe

St.

  1. saint
  2. state
  3. strait
  4. street
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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saint in the Bible

one separated from the world and consecrated to God; one holy by profession and by covenant; a believer in Christ (Ps. 16:3; Rom. 1:7; 8:27; Phil. 1:1; Heb. 6:10). The "saints" spoken of in Jude 1:14 are probably not the disciples of Christ, but the "innumerable company of angels" (Heb. 12:22; Ps. 68:17), with reference to Deut. 33:2. This word is also used of the holy dead (Matt. 27:52; Rev. 18:24). It was not used as a distinctive title of the apostles and evangelists and of a "spiritual nobility" till the fourth century. In that sense it is not a scriptural title.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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