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saros

[sair-os] /ˈsɛər ɒs/
noun, Astronomy
1.
the period of 223 synodic months, equaling 6585.32 days or 18 years, 11.32 days (or 10.32 days if 5 leap years occur in the interval), after which eclipses repeat but are shifted 120° west.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; < Greek sárosAkkadian shār
Related forms
saronic
[suh-ron-ik] /səˈrɒn ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective

Saros

[sahr-ohs, -aws] /ˈsɑr oʊs, -ɔs/
noun
1.
Gulf of, an inlet of the Aegean, N of the Gallipoli Peninsula. 37 miles (60 km) long; 22 miles (35 km) wide.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for saros

saros

/ˈseɪrɒs/
noun
1.
a cycle of about 18 years 11 days (6585.32 days) in which eclipses of the sun and moon occur in the same sequence and at the same intervals as in the previous such cycle
Derived Forms
saronic (səˈrɒnɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C19: from Greek, from Babylonian šāru 3600 (years); modern astronomical use apparently based on mistaken interpretation of šāru as a period of 181/2 years

Saros

/ˈsɑːrɒs/
noun
1.
Gulf of Saros, an inlet of the Aegean in NW Turkey, north of the Gallipoli Peninsula. Length: 59 km (37 miles). Width: 35 km (22 miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for saros

in astronomy, interval of 18 years 1113 days (1013 days when five leap years are included) after which the Earth, Sun, and Moon return to nearly the same relative positions and the cycle of lunar and solar eclipses begins to repeat itself; e.g., the solar eclipse of June 30, 1973, was followed by one of roughly the same latitude and duration on July 11, 1991. As the relative positions of the bodies are slightly changed after each saros, an eclipse cycle ends after a number of saroses. A saros series lasts between 1,226 and 1,550 years and comprises 69 to 87 eclipses. As one series ends, another is born. On average, 42 series are running in parallel at a given time.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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