shingle

1 [shing-guhl]
noun
1.
a thin piece of wood, slate, metal, asbestos, or the like, usually oblong, laid in overlapping rows to cover the roofs and walls of buildings.
2.
a woman's close-cropped haircut.
3.
Informal. a small signboard, especially as hung before a doctor's or lawyer's office.
verb (used with object), shingled, shingling.
4.
to cover with shingles, as a roof.
5.
to cut (hair) close to the head.
Idioms
6.
hang out one's shingle, Informal. to establish a professional practice, especially in law or medicine; open an office.
7.
have/be a shingle short, Australian Slang. to be mentally disturbed, mad, or eccentric.

Origin:
1150–1200; Middle English scincle, sc(h)ingle < Medieval Latin scindula lath, shingle (Middle English -g- apparently by association with another unidentified word), Latin scandula (Medieval Latin -i- perhaps by association with Greek schíza lath, splinter, or related words)

shingler, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged

shingle

2 [shing-guhl]
noun
1.
small, waterworn stones or pebbles such as lie in loose sheets or beds on a beach.
2.
a beach, riverbank, or other area covered with such small pebbles or stones.

Origin:
1530–40; apparently variant of earlier chingle; compare Norwegian singel small stones

shingle

3 [shing-guhl]
verb (used with object), shingled, shingling. Metalworking.
to hammer or squeeze (puddled iron) into a bloom or billet, eliminating as much slag as possible; knobble.

Origin:
1665–75; < French cingler to whip, beat < German zängeln, derivative of Zange tongs

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
shingle1 (ˈʃɪŋɡəl)
 
n
1.  a thin rectangular tile, esp one made of wood, that is laid with others in overlapping rows to cover a roof or a wall
2.  a woman's short-cropped hairstyle
3.  (US), (Canadian) a small signboard or nameplate fixed outside the office of a doctor, lawyer, etc
4.  informal (Austral) a shingle short unintelligent or mentally subnormal
 
vb
5.  to cover (a roof or a wall) with shingles
6.  to cut (the hair) in a short-cropped style
 
[C12 scingle, from Late Latin scindula a split piece of wood, from Latin scindere to split]
 
'shingler1
 
n

shingle2 (ˈʃɪŋɡəl)
 
n
1.  coarse gravel, esp the pebbles found on beaches
2.  a place or area strewn with shingle
 
[C16: of Scandinavian origin; compare Norwegian singl pebbles, Frisian singel gravel]
 
'shingly2
 
adj

shingle3 (ˈʃɪŋɡəl)
 
vb
(tr) metallurgy to hammer or squeeze the slag out of (iron) after puddling in the production of wrought iron
 
[C17: from Old French dialect chingler to whip, from chingle belt, from Latin cingula girdle; see cingulum]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shingle
"thin piece of wood," c.1200, scincle, from L.L. scindula, altered (by influence of Gk. schidax "lath" or schindalmos "splinter") from L. scandula "roof tile," from scindere "to cleave, split," from PIE base *sked- "to split." Meaning "small signboard" is first attested 1842; that of "woman's short haircut"
is from 1924. The verb meaning "to cut the hair so as to give the impression of overlapping shingles" is from 1857.

shingle
"loose stones on seashore," 1513, probably related to Norw. singl "small stones," or N.Fris. singel "gravel," both said to be echoic of the sound of water running over pebbles.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

shingle

see hang out one's shingle.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
True, the back had been customised as a cedar-shingle hut, complete with a crooked stove-pipe.
No one looks divine on a horse who is not thin as a shingle.
The enchantments of barren shingle and rough weather transformed every
  adventurer into a laborer.
Our asphalt shingle roof has dark streaks of mildew on it, even though there
  are no overhanging trees that keep it shaded.
Idioms & Phrases
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