shylocks

Shylock

[shahy-lok]
noun
1.
a relentless and revengeful moneylender in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice.
2.
a hard-hearted moneylender.
verb (used without object)
3.
(lowercase) to lend money at extortionate rates of interest.

Shylockian, adjective
Shylocky, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Shylock (ˈʃaɪˌlɒk)
 
n
a heartless or demanding creditor
 
[C19: after Shylock, the name of the heartless usurer in Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice (1596)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

shylock
"usurer," 1786, from Jewish money-lender character in Shakespeare's "The Merchant of Venice" (c.1596).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Shylock definition


The merciless moneylender in The Merchant of Venice, by William Shakespeare. He demands a pound of flesh from the title character of the play after the merchant defaults on his debt.

Note: Shylock is a Jew, and there has long been controversy over whether Shakespeare's portrayal of Shylock contributes to prejudice against Jews. Shylock is a cruel miser and eventually is heavily fined and disgraced, but he maintains his dignity. At one point in the play, he makes a famous, eloquent assertion that his desire for revenge is the same desire that a Christian would feel in his place. “I am a Jew,” says Shylock. “Hath not a Jew eyes? Hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions?”
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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