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Smuts

[Dutch smœts; English smuhts] /Dutch smœts; English smʌts/
noun
1.
Jan Christiaan
[Dutch yahn kris-tee-ahn] /Dutch yɑn ˈkrɪs tiˌɑn/ (Show IPA),
1870–1950, South African statesman and general: prime minister 1919–24, 1939–48.

smut

[smuht] /smʌt/
noun
1.
a particle of soot; sooty matter.
2.
a black or dirty mark; smudge.
3.
indecent language or publications; obscenity.
4.
Plant Pathology.
  1. a disease of plants, especially cereal grasses, characterized by the conversion of affected parts into black, powdery masses of spores, caused by fungi of the order Ustilaginales.
  2. a fungus causing this disease.
verb (used with object), smutted, smutting.
5.
to soil or smudge.
verb (used without object), smutted, smutting.
6.
to become affected with smut, as a plant.
Origin
1580-1590
1580-90; akin to earlier smit (Old English smitte), by association with smudge, smutch
Related forms
antismut, adjective
unsmutted, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Smuts

Smuts

/smʌts/
noun
1.
Jan Christiaan (jan ˈkristiˌan). 1870–1950, South African statesman; prime minister (1919–24; 1939–48). He fought for the Boers during the Boer War, then worked for Anglo-Boer reconciliation and served the Allies during World Wars I and II

smut

/smʌt/
noun
1.
a small dark smudge or stain, esp one caused by soot
2.
a speck of soot or dirt
3.
something obscene or indecent
4.
  1. any of various fungal diseases of flowering plants, esp cereals, in which black sooty masses of spores cover the affected parts
  2. any parasitic basidiomycetous fungus of the order Ustilaginales that causes such a disease
5.
(angling) a minute midge or other insect relished by trout
verb smuts, smutting, smutted
6.
to mark or become marked or smudged, as with soot
7.
to affect (grain) or (of grain) to be affected with smut
8.
(transitive) to remove smut from (grain)
9.
(transitive) to make obscene
10.
(intransitive) to emit soot or smut
11.
(intransitive) (angling) (of trout) to feed voraciously on smuts
Derived Forms
smutty, adjective
smuttily, adverb
smuttiness, noun
Word Origin
Old English smitte; related to Middle High German smitze; associated with smudge, smutch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Smuts
smut
1664, "black mark, stain," from verb smutten "debase, defile" (early 15c.), cognate with M.H.G. smotzen "make dirty," from W.Gmc. *smutt- (cf. M.H.G. smuz "grease, dirt," Ger. Schmutz "dirt," Ger. schmutzen "to make dirty"). The meaning "indecent or obscene language" is first attested 1668 (implied in smutty).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Smuts in Science
smut
  (smŭt)   
  1. Any of various bacidiomycete fungi that are parasitic on plants and are distinguished by the black, powdery masses of spores that appear as sooty smudges on the affected plant parts. Smuts are parasitic chiefly on cereal grasses like corn and wheat and can cause enormous damage to crops.

  2. Any of the various plant diseases caused by smuts, such as corn smut.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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7
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