city and resort area of Krasnodar kray (territory), southwestern Russia. The city stretches along the Black Sea coast at the foot of the western part of the main Caucasus mountain range. It was established in 1896 on the site of the former Navaginskoye fort and began developing as a resort area in 1902. The presence of mineral springs, attractive coastal and mountain scenery, long beaches, and warm (humid subtropical) climate have made Sochi a large and popular holiday and health resort for Russian vacationers. Sochi has dozens of hotels, tourist centres, and campsites and more than 50 sanatoriums. The primary industry is food processing, though few of the city's workers are employed in industry. Sochi's streets and gardens are filled with exotic subtropical trees and shrubs. Greater Sochi, created in 1961, includes resorts stretching for some 90 miles (150 km) along the coast. The Kavkazsky Nature Reserve, established in 1924 and occupying 1,017 square miles (2,633 square km), lies approximately 45 miles (72 km) east of the city. A major recreation site of the Russian government is located in nearby Dagomys. The city was selected to host the 2014 Winter Olympic Games. Pop. (2005 est.) 328,525.
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