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Sparta

[spahr-tuh] /ˈspɑr tə/
noun
1.
an ancient city in S Greece: the capital of Laconia and the chief city of the Peloponnesus, at one time the dominant city of Greece: famous for strict discipline and training of soldiers.
Also called Lacedaemon.

Laconia

[luh-koh-nee-uh] /ləˈkoʊ ni ə/
noun
1.
an ancient country in the S part of Greece.
Capital: Sparta.
2.
a city in central New Hampshire.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Sparta

Sparta

/ˈspɑːtə/
noun
1.
an ancient Greek city in the S Peloponnese, famous for the discipline and military prowess of its citizens and for their austere way of life

Laconia

/ləˈkəʊnɪə/
noun
1.
an ancient country of S Greece, in the SE Peloponnese, of which Sparta was the capital: corresponds to the present-day department of Lakonia
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Sparta

said to be from Greek sparte "cord made from spartos," a type of broom. Perhaps the reference is to the cords laid as foundation markers for the city.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Sparta in Culture

Sparta definition


An ancient Greek city-state and rival of Athens. Sparta was known for its militaristic government and for its educational system designed to train children to be devoted citizens and brave soldiers. Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War.

Note: The term Spartan is used to describe conditions that are low on luxury and designed to produce discipline.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for Sparta

Laconia

nomos (department) and historic region in the southeastern part of the Peloponnese, southern Greece. The present department of Laconia corresponds closely to the ancient province, which was bounded by Arcadia and Argolis on the north and Messenia in the west. Sparta, capital of the modern department, was once the capital of the ancient province

Learn more about Laconia with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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