original name Marie Henri Beyle. 1783–1842, French writer, who anticipated later novelists in his psychological analysis of character. His two chief novels are Le Rouge et le noir (1830) and La Chartreuse de Parme (1839)
The nom de plume of the nineteenth-century French writer and critic Henry Marie Bayle. A major influence on the development of the modern novel, Stendhal's romantic, psychologically realistic works include The Red and the Black and The Charterhouse of Parma.