[n., adj. sur-uh-geyt, -git, suhr-; v. sur-uh-geyt, suhr-]
a person appointed to act for another; deputy.
(in some states) a judicial officer having jurisdiction over the probate of wills, the administration of estates, etc.
the deputy of an ecclesiastical judge, especially of a bishop or a bishop's chancellor.
a substitute.
regarded or acting as a surrogate: a surrogate father.
involving or indicating the use of a surrogate mother to conceive or carry an embryo: surrogate parenting.
verb (used with object), surrogated, surrogating.
to put into the place of another as a successor, substitute, or deputy; substitute for another.
to subrogate.

1525–35; < Latin surrogātus, assimilated variant of subrogātus; see subrogate

surrogateship, noun
surrogation, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
1.  a person or thing acting as a substitute
2.  chiefly (Brit) a deputy, such as a clergyman appointed to deputize for a bishop in granting marriage licences
3.  psychiatry a person who is a substitute for someone else, esp in childhood when different persons, such as a brother or teacher, can act as substitutes for the parents
4.  (in some US states) a judge with jurisdiction over the probate of wills, etc
5.  (modifier) of, relating to, or acting as a surrogate: a surrogate pleasure
6.  to put in another's position as a deputy, substitute, etc
7.  to appoint as a successor to oneself
[C17: from Latin surrogāre to substitute; see subrogate]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1430, from L. surrogatus, pp. of surrogare "put in another's place, substitute," from sub "in the place of, under" + rogare "to ask, propose" (see rogation). Meaning "woman pregnant with the fertilized egg of another woman" is attested from 1978.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

surrogate sur·ro·gate (sûr'ə-gĭt, -gāt', sŭr'-)

  1. One that takes the place of another; a substitute.

  2. A person or an animal that functions as a substitute for another, as in a social or family role.

  3. A figure of authority who takes the place of the father or mother in a person's unconscious or emotional life.

  4. A surrogate mother.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Some people feel more comfortable with having a surrogate doing their negotiations for them and you might consider that.
In the famous lyricist he found not only a surrogate father but a vision of the future.
Another, subtler problem can be the difference between what are known as surrogate outcomes and patient outcomes.
But ovarian cancer leads them to look for a surrogate.
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