|Swedish name: Sverige a kingdom in NW Europe, occupying the E part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, on the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic: first united during the Viking period (8th--11th centuries); a member of the European Union. About 50 per cent of the total area is forest and 9 per cent lakes. Exports include timber, pulp, paper, iron ore, and steel. Official language: Swedish. Official religion: Church of Sweden (Lutheran). Currency: krona. Capital: Stockholm. Pop: 8 886 000 (2004 est). Area: 449 793 sq km (173 665 sq miles)|
Note: Traditionally neutral, Sweden maintained its neutrality through both World War I and World War II.
Note: It is known for its advanced and comprehensive social welfare legislation.