[sin-kron-ik, sing-]
adjective Linguistics.
having reference to the facts of a linguistic system as it exists at one point in time without reference to its history: synchronic analysis; synchronic dialectology.
Also, synchronical.
Compare diachronic.

1825–35; < Late Latin synchron(us) synchronous + -ic

synchronically, adverb
nonsynchronic, adjective
nonsynchronical, adjective
nonsynchronically, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
synchronic (sɪnˈkrɒnɪk)
1.  Compare diachronic concerned with the events or phenomena at a particular period without considering historical antecedents: synchronic linguistics
2.  synchronous

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1833 shortening of synchronical (1652), from L.L. synchronus "simultaneous" (see synchronous). Linguistic sense is first recorded 1922, probably a borrowing from Fr. synchronique (de Saussure, 1913).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Both technically and artistically, the dubbing is synchronic and good,
  consistent with the canons of dramatic illusion and taste.
Perhaps this will do for the innate hardwired language approach what diachronic
  philology did for synchronic studies of language.
Results on crank propulsion indicated a significantly better performance using
  the synchronic mode.
Congruent and synchronic patterns in biogeography and speciation among
  seabirds, pinnipeds and cestodes.
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