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town, west-central Tanzania. Lying on the Central Plateau at an elevation of 4,000 feet (1,200 m), it has a mean annual temperature of 73 F (23 C). The town has been the capital of the Nyamwezi people and was the major trade link between the coast and the Congo River basin prior to European colonial rule. As the junction point of the east-west (Dar es-Salaam-Ujiji) railway and the north-south railway to Lake Victoria, it has retained some importance as a commercial and agricultural trade centre. The chief cash crops of the surrounding agricultural area are tobacco, vegetables, and cassava. Pop. (2002) 127,887.