tanka

[tahng-kuh]
noun, plural tankas, tanka. Prosody.
a Japanese poem consisting of 31 syllables in 5 lines, with 5 syllables in the first and third lines and 7 in the others.

Origin:
1915–20; < Japanese < Middle Chinese, equivalent to Chinese duǎn short + song; cf. renga

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World English Dictionary
tanka (ˈtɑːŋkə)
 
n , pl -kas, -ka
a Japanese verse form consisting of five lines, the first and third having five syllables, the others seven
 
[C19: from Japanese, from tan short + ka verse]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

tanka

in literature, a five-line, 31-syllable poem that has historically been the basic form of Japanese poetry. The term tanka is synonymous with the term waka (q.v.), which more broadly denotes all traditional Japanese poetry in classical forms

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Have students create a tanka poem about something found in nature.
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