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[tahng-kuh] /ˈtɑŋ kə/
noun, plural tankas, tanka. Prosody
a Japanese poem consisting of 31 syllables in 5 lines, with 5 syllables in the first and third lines and 7 in the others.
Origin of tanka
1915-20; < Japanese < Middle Chinese, equivalent to Chinese duǎn short + song; cf. renga Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for tanka


noun (pl) -kas, -ka
a Japanese verse form consisting of five lines, the first and third having five syllables, the others seven
Word Origin
C19: from Japanese, from tan short + ka verse
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for tanka

form of Japanese verse, from Japanese tanka, from tan "short" + ka "song."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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