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Taurus

[tawr-uh s] /ˈtɔr əs/
noun, genitive Tauri
[tawr-ahy] /ˈtɔr aɪ/ (Show IPA),
for 1.
1.
Astronomy. the Bull, a zodiacal constellation between Gemini and Aries, containing the bright star Aldebaran.
2.
Astrology.
  1. the second sign of the zodiac: the fixed earth sign.
  2. a person born under this sign, usually between April 20th and May 20th.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin

Taurus

[tawr-uh s] /ˈtɔr əs/
noun
1.
a mountain range in S Turkey: highest peak, 12,251 feet (3734 meters).
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Taurus

Taurus

/ˈtɔːrəs/
noun (Latin genitive) Tauri (ˈtɔːraɪ)
1.
(astronomy) a zodiacal constellation in the N hemisphere lying close to Orion and between Aries and Gemini. It contains the star Aldebaran, the star clusters Hyades and Pleiades, and the Crab Nebula
2.
(astrology)
  1. Also called the Bull. the second sign of the zodiac, symbol ♉, having a fixed earth classification and ruled by the planet Venus. The sun is in this sign between about April 20 and May 20
  2. a person born when the sun is in this sign
adjective
3.
born under or characteristic of Taurus
Also (for senses 2b, 3) Taurean (ˈtɔːrɪən; tɔːˈrɪən)
Word Origin
C14: from Latin: bull
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Taurus
n.

zodiac constellation, late Old English, from Latin taurus "bull, bullock, steer," from PIE *tauro- "bull" (cf. Greek tauros, Old Church Slavonic turu "bull, steer;" Lithuanian tauras "aurochs;" Old Prussian tauris "bison"); often said to be from PIE *steu-ro- "be big, be strong, be sturdy" (cf. Sanskrit sthura- "thick, compact," Avestan staora- "big cattle," Middle Persian stor "horse, draft animal," Gothic stiur "young bull," Old English steor, see steer (n.)).

Klein proposes a Semitic origin (cf. Aramaic tora "ox, bull, steer," Hebrew shor, Arabic thor, Ethiopian sor). Meaning "person born under the sign of the bull" is recorded from 1901. Hence also tauromachy "bull-fighting," from Greek tauromakhia (see -machy).

What form great Jove would next devise,
And when his godship would again Taurise?
[William Somerville, 1727]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Taurus in Science
Taurus
  (tôr'əs)   
A constellation in the Northern Hemisphere near Orion and Aries. Taurus (the Bull) contains the bright star Aldebaran and the grouping known as the Pleiades. It is the second sign of the zodiac.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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