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Transcaucasia

[trans-kaw-key-zhuh, -shuh] /ˌtræns kɔˈkeɪ ʒə, -ʃə/
noun
1.
a region in SE Europe, S of the Caucasus Mountains, between the Black and Caspian seas: constituted a republic 1922–36 (Transcauca·sian So·cialist Fed·erated So·viet Repub·lic) area now includes the republics of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia.
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Transcaucasian
[trans-kaw-key-zhuh n, -shuh n, -kazh-uh n, -kash-] /ˌtræns kɔˈkeɪ ʒən, -ʃən, -ˈkæʒ ən, -ˈkæʃ-/ (Show IPA),
adjective, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Transcaucasia

Transcaucasia

/ˌtrænskɔːˈkeɪzjə/
noun
1.
a region in central Asia, south of the Caucasus Mountains between the Black and Caspian Seas in Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan: a constituent republic of the Soviet Union from 1918 until 1936
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for Transcaucasia

a small but densely populated region to the south of the Caucasus Mountains. It includes three independent states: Georgia in the northwest, Azerbaijan in the east, and Armenia, situated largely on a high mountainous plateau south of Georgia and west of Azerbaijan. Together these countries have an area of about 71,850 square miles (186,100 square kilometres). Transcaucasia, also known as Southern Caucasia, is bounded on the north by Russia, on the east by the Caspian Sea, on the south by Iran and Turkey, and on the west by the Black Sea.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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