typhoon

[tahy-foon]
noun
1.
a tropical cyclone or hurricane of the western Pacific area and the China seas.
2.
a violent storm or tempest of India.
3.
(initial capital letter) Military.
a.
a single-engine British ground attack aircraft of World War II.
b.
NATO's name for a class of nuclear-powered Soviet ballistic missile submarine carrying 20 multiwarhead missiles.

Origin:
1580–90; < dialectal Chinese, akin to Chinese dàfēng great wind, altered by association with Greek tȳphôn violent wind

typhonic [tahy-fon-ik] , adjective

cyclone, hurricane, tidal wave, tornado, tsunami, typhoon.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
typhoon (taɪˈfuːn)
 
n
1.  a violent tropical storm or cyclone, esp in the China seas and W Pacific
2.  a violent storm of India
 
[C16: from Chinese tai fung great wind, from tai great + fung wind; influenced by Greek tuphōn whirlwind]
 
typhonic
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

typhoon
the modern word represents a coincidence and convergence of at least two unrelated words of similar sound and sense. Tiphon "violent storm, whirlwind, tornado" is recorded from 1555, from Gk. typhon "whirlwind," personified as a giant, father of the winds, perhaps from typhein "to smoke." The meaning
"cyclone, violent hurricane of India or the China Seas" (1588) is first recorded in T. Hickock's translation of an account in Italian of a voyage to the East Indies by Cæsar Frederick, a merchant of Venice, probably borrowed from, or infl. by, Chinese (Cantonese) tai fung "a great wind," from tu "big" + feng "wind;" name given to violent cyclonic storms in the China seas. A third possibility is tufan, a word in Arabic, Persian and Hindi meaning "big cyclonic storm" (and the source of Port. tufao), which may be from Gk. typhon but commonly is said to be a noun of action from Arabic tafa "to turn round."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
typhoon   (tī-fn')  Pronunciation Key 
A violent cyclonic storm occurring in the western Pacific Ocean. See Note at cyclone.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

typhoon definition


In meteorology, a type of cyclone occurring in the western regions of the Pacific Ocean.

Note: A typhoon is similar to a hurricane in levels of destructiveness.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The device will involve pumping cool water to the ocean surface, in much the same manner as would be required to stop a typhoon.
It also matters to the financial markets as the government tries to protect its fragile economy from the global financial typhoon.
He has the grim good humour of an experienced captain facing down a typhoon.
The other problem with summer travel is that you could wind up traveling in typhoon season.
Images for Typhoon
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