Urdu

Urdu

[oor-doo, ur-; oor-doo, ur-]
noun
one of the official languages of Pakistan, a language derived from Hindustani, used by Muslims, and written with Persian-Arabic letters.

Origin:
< Urdu, Hindi urdū, extracted from Persian zabān i urdū literally, language of the camp (ultimately < Turkic; see horde)

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World English Dictionary
Urdu (ˈʊəduː, ˈɜː-)
 
n
an official language of Pakistan, also spoken in India. The script derives primarily from Persia. It belongs to the Indic branch of the Indo-European family of languages, being closely related to Hindi but containing many Arabic and Persian loan words
 
[C18: from Hindustani (zabāni) urdū (language of the) camp, from Persian urdū camp, from Turkish ordū]

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Word Origin & History

Urdu
official language of Pakistan, 1796, from Hindustani urdu "camp," from Turk. ordu (source of horde); short for zaban-i-urdu "language of the camp." Compare Dzongkha, a variant of Tibetan and the official language of Bhutan, lit. "the language of the fortress."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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