Viking

Viking

[vahy-king]
noun (sometimes lowercase)
1.
any of the Scandinavian pirates who plundered the coasts of Europe from the 8th to 10th centuries.
2.
a sea-roving bandit; pirate.
3.
a Scandinavian.
4.
U.S. Aerospace. one of a series of space probes that obtained scientific information about Mars.

Origin:
1800–10; < Scandinavian; compare Old Norse vīkingr; compare Old English wīcing pirate; etymology disputed

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World English Dictionary
Viking (ˈvaɪkɪŋ)
 
n
1.  Norseman, Also called: Northman any of the Danes, Norwegians, and Swedes who raided by sea most of N and W Europe from the 8th to the 11th centuries, later often settling, as in parts of Britain
2.  any sea rover, plunderer, or pirate
3.  either of two unmanned American spacecraft that reached Mars in 1976
4.  (modifier) of, relating to, or characteristic of a Viking or Vikings: a Viking ship
 
[C19: from Old Norse vīkingr, probably from vīk creek, sea inlet + -ingr (see -ing³); perhaps related to Old English wīc camp]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Viking
Scandinavian pirate, 1807, vikingr; modern spelling attested from 1840. The word is a historical revival; it was not used in M.E., but it was revived from O.N. vikingr, which usually is explained as prop. "one who came from the fjords," from vik "creek, inlet" (cf. O.E. wic, M.H.G. wich "bay," and second
element in Reykjavik). But O.E. wicing and O.Fris. wizing are almost 300 years older, and probably derive from wic "village, camp" (temporary camps were a feature of the Viking raids), related to L. vicus "village, habitation" (see villa). The connection between the O.N. and O.E. words is still much debated. The period of Viking activity was roughly 8c. to 11c. In the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the raiding armies generally were referred to as þa Deniscan "the Danes," while those who settled in England were identified by their place of settlement.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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