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Vulgate

[vuhl-geyt, -git] /ˈvʌl geɪt, -gɪt/
noun
1.
the Latin version of the Bible, prepared chiefly by Saint Jerome at the end of the 4th century a.d., and used as the authorized version of the Roman Catholic Church.
2.
(lowercase) any commonly recognized text or version of a work.
adjective
3.
of or pertaining to the Vulgate.
4.
(lowercase) commonly used or accepted; common.
Origin
< Late Latin vulgāta (editiō) popular (edition); vulgāta, feminine past participle of vulgāre to make common, publish, derivative of vulgus the public. See vulgar, -ate1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Vulgate

vulgate

/ˈvʌlɡeɪt; -ɡɪt/
noun
1.
a commonly recognized text or version
2.
everyday or informal speech; the vernacular
adjective
3.
generally accepted; common

Vulgate

/ˈvʌlɡeɪt; -ɡɪt/
noun
1.
  1. (from the 13th century onwards) the fourth-century version of the Bible produced by Jerome, partly by translating the original languages, and partly by revising the earlier Latin text based on the Greek versions
  2. (as modifier): the Vulgate version
Word Origin
C17: from Medieval Latin Vulgāta, from Late Latin vulgāta editiō popular version (of the Bible), from Latin vulgāre to make common, from vulgus the common people
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for Vulgate
n.

c.1600, Latin translation of the Bible, especially that completed in 405 by St. Jerome (c.340-420), from Medieval Latin Vulgata, from Late Latin vulgata "common, general, ordinary, popular" (in vulgata editio "popular edition"), from Latin vulgata, fem. past participle of vulgare "make common or public," from vulgus "the common people" (see vulgar). So called because the translations made the book accessible to the common people of ancient Rome.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for Vulgate

(from the Latin editio vulgata: "common version"), Latin Bible used by the Roman Catholic Church, primarily translated by St. Jerome. In 382 Pope Damasus commissioned Jerome, the leading biblical scholar of his day, to produce an acceptable Latin version of the Bible from the various translations then being used. His revised Latin translation of the Gospels appeared about 383. Using the Septuagint Greek version of the Old Testament, he produced new Latin translations of the Psalms (the so-called Gallican Psalter), the Book of Job, and some other books. Later, he decided that the Septuagint was unsatisfactory and began translating the entire Old Testament from the original Hebrew versions, a process that he completed about 405.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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