x-ray diffraction

noun Physics.
diffraction of x-rays by the regularly spaced atoms of a crystal, useful for determining the arrangement of the atoms.

Origin:
1940–45

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Collins
World English Dictionary
X-ray diffraction
 
n
the scattering of X-rays on contact with matter, resulting in changes in radiation intensity, which is used for studying atomic structure

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
x-ray diffraction  
The scattering of x-rays by crystal atoms, producing a diffraction pattern that yields information about the structure of the crystal. X-ray diffraction is used in x-ray crystallography.
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Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
But this x-ray machine has been augmented with x-ray diffraction technology that increases the machine's accuracy.
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