city, Saxony Land (state), Germany. It lies on the Zwickauer Mulde River, at the entrance to the western Ore Mountains (Erzgebirge), south of Leipzig. Slavic in origin, it was mentioned in 1118 as a trading centre. It developed as a German imperial city between 1135 and 1145 and became a royal market about 1150. About 1200 it passed to the Wettin margraves of Meissen. Thomas Muntzer, the German radical reformer, preached there in 1520-21.
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