abaca

[ab-uh-kah, ah-buh-]
noun
1.
a Philippine plant, Musa textilis.
2.
the fiber of this plant, used in making rope, fabrics, etc.

Origin:
1810–20; < Spanish < Tagalog abaká

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World English Dictionary
abaca (ˈæbəkə)
 
n
1.  a Philippine plant, Musa textilis, related to the banana: family Musaceae. Its leafstalks are the source of Manila hemp
2.  another name for Manila hemp
 
[via Spanish from Tagalog abaká]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

abaca

plant of the family Musaceae, and its fibre, which is second in importance among the leaf fibre group. Abaca fibre, unlike most other leaf fibres, is obtained from the plant leaf stalks (petioles). Although sometimes known as Manila hemp, Cebu hemp, or Davao hemp, the abaca plant is not related to true hemp.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
However, this has also been a period where tobacco and abaca production improved.
Abaca fiber is the leading raw material for export-oriented handicrafts and is also an input to the pulp and paper industries.
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