abash

abash

[uh-bash] ,
verb (used with object)
to destroy the self-confidence, poise, or self-possession of; disconcert; make ashamed or embarrassed: to abash someone by sneering.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English abaishen < dialectal Old French abacher, Old French abaissier to put down, bring low (see abase), perhaps conflated with Anglo-French abaiss-, long stem of abair, Old French esba(h)ir to gape, marvel, amaze (es- ex-1 + -ba(h)ir, alteration of baer to open wide, gape < Vulgar Latin *batāre; cf. bay2, bay3)

abashment, noun


shame, discompose, embarrass.
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World English Dictionary
abash (əˈbæʃ)
 
vb
(tr; usually passive) to cause to feel ill at ease, embarrassed, or confused; make ashamed
 
[C14: via Norman French from Old French esbair to be astonished, from es- out + bair to gape, yawn]
 
a'bashment
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

abash
c.1300, from O.Fr. esbaiss-, stem of esbaer "gape with astonishment," from es "out" + ba(y)er "to be open, gape," from L. *batare "to yawn, gape," from root *bat, possibly imitative of yawning. Bashful is a 16c. derivative.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Synonyms
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