abatement

[uh-beyt-muhnt]
noun
1.
the act or state of abating or the state of being abated; reduction; decrease; alleviation; mitigation.
2.
suppression or termination: abatement of a nuisance; noise abatement.
3.
an amount deducted or subtracted, as from the usual price or the full tax.
4.
Law.
a.
a reduction of a tax assessment.
b.
the termination of a nuisance.
c.
a wrongful entry on land made by a stranger, after the owner's death and before the owner's heir or devisee has obtained possession.
d.
a decrease in the legacies of a will when the assets of an estate are insufficient to pay all general legacies in full.
5.
Also called rebatement. Heraldry. a charge or mark that, when introduced into a coat of arms, indicates the owner's disgrace.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English < Middle French; see abate, -ment


1. lessening, letup, diminution. 2. end, cessation.


1. intensification, increase.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
abatement (əˈbeɪtmənt)
 
n
1.  diminution or alleviation; decrease
2.  suppression or termination: the abatement of a nuisance
3.  the amount by which something is reduced, such as the cost of an article
4.  property law a decrease in the payment to creditors or legatees when the assets of the debtor or estate are insufficient to meet all payments in full
5.  property law (formerly) a wrongful entry on land by a stranger who takes possession after the death of the owner and before the heir has entered into possession

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

abatement
1510s, from O.Fr. abatement, from abattre (see abate)
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

abatement

in law, the interruption of a legal proceeding upon the pleading by a defendant of a matter that prevents the plaintiff from going forward with the suit at that time or in that form. Pleas in abatement raise such matters as objections to the place, mode, or time of the plaintiff's claim. At one time, abatement of proceedings in equity differed from abatement in law in that the former merely suspended the action, subject to revival when the defect was cured, whereas the latter terminated it, though the plaintiff could start the action anew. The latter is now the more common usage. The term abatement is also used in law to mean the removal or control of an annoyance.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
They were forced to move after the expense of lead abatement proved too much.
If your mother is over 65, she may qualify for a homestead exemption and/or a
  tax abatement.
He is a conservationist, and is doing research in noise abatement.
For most other shareholders, the abatement and the assessment end up being
  about equal.
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