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abatement

[uh-beyt-muh nt] /əˈbeɪt mənt/
noun
1.
the act or state of abating or the state of being abated; reduction; decrease; alleviation; mitigation.
2.
suppression or termination:
abatement of a nuisance; noise abatement.
3.
an amount deducted or subtracted, as from the usual price or the full tax.
4.
Law.
  1. a reduction of a tax assessment.
  2. the termination of a nuisance.
  3. a wrongful entry on land made by a stranger, after the owner's death and before the owner's heir or devisee has obtained possession.
  4. a decrease in the legacies of a will when the assets of an estate are insufficient to pay all general legacies in full.
5.
Also called rebatement. Heraldry. a charge or mark that, when introduced into a coat of arms, indicates the owner's disgrace.
Origin of abatement
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English < Middle French; see abate, -ment
Synonyms
1. lessening, letup, diminution. 2. end, cessation.
Antonyms
1. intensification, increase.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for abatement

abatement

/əˈbeɪtmənt/
noun
1.
diminution or alleviation; decrease
2.
suppression or termination: the abatement of a nuisance
3.
the amount by which something is reduced, such as the cost of an article
4.
(property law) a decrease in the payment to creditors or legatees when the assets of the debtor or estate are insufficient to meet all payments in full
5.
(property law) (formerly) a wrongful entry on land by a stranger who takes possession after the death of the owner and before the heir has entered into possession
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for abatement
n.

mid-14c., from Old French abatement, from abattre (see abate).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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