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ablative1

[ab-luh-tiv] /ˈæb lə tɪv/ Grammar
adjective
1.
(in some inflected languages) noting a case that has among its functions the indication of place from which or, as in Latin, place in which, manner, means, instrument, or agent.
noun
2.
the ablative case.
3.
a word in that case, as Troiā in Latin Aenēas Troiā vēnit, “Aeneas came from Troy.”.
Origin of ablative1
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin ablātīvus. See ablate, -ive
Related forms
ablatival
[ab-luh-tahy-vuh l] /ˌæb ləˈtaɪ vəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective

ablative2

[a-bley-tiv] /æˈbleɪ tɪv/
adjective
1.
capable of or susceptible to ablation; tending to ablate:
the ablative nose cone of a rocket.
Origin
1560-70; ablate + -ive
Related forms
ablatively, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for ablative
Historical Examples
  • Another method which is used for indicating the genitive and ablative relations is the termination il.

  • Third, the ablative form of a noun signifying a portion of the body.

  • As for the ablative absolute, its reconstruction and regeneration have been the inspiring principle of my studious manhood.

    Average Jones Samuel Hopkins Adams
  • To-night I have a pressing engagement with the ablative Absolute.

    Daddy Long-Legs Jean Webster
  • This he remembered had interrupted the silent rehearsal of the sentence with the ablative absolute in it.

    Princeton Stories Jesse Lynch Williams
  • Living Latin had only the feel of the cases: the ablative and dative emotion.

    Instigations Ezra Pound
  • The ablative is indicated by certain particles and prepositions.

  • Try to remember, Quinlan, what I told you about the use of the ablative absolute.

    Short Sixes H. C. Bunner
  • But certain words stand in the ablative without a preposition; viz.

    New Latin Grammar Charles E. Bennett
  • I don't know more than one single word, and that is 'ablative.'

    Married August Strindberg
British Dictionary definitions for ablative

ablative

/ˈæblətɪv/
adjective
1.
(in certain inflected languages such as Latin) denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument, manner, or place of the action described by the verb
noun
2.
  1. the ablative case
  2. a word or speech element in the ablative case
3.
taking away or removing: ablative surgery
4.
able to disintegrate or be worn away at a very high temperature: a thick layer of ablative material
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for ablative
n.

mid-15c., from Middle French ablatif, from Latin (casus) ablativus "(case) of removal," expressing direction from a place or time, coined by Julius Caesar from ablatus "taken away," past participle of auferre "carrying away," from ab- "away" (see ab-) + irregular verb ferre (past participle latum; see oblate) "to carry, to bear" (see infer).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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