one of the original or earliest known inhabitants of a country or region.
(initial capital letter) . Also, Aboriginal. Also called Australian Aborigine. a member of the dark-skinned people who were the earliest inhabitants of Australia.
aborigines, the original, native fauna or flora of a region.

1540–50; by back formation from aborigines < Latin Aborīginēs a race of pre-Roman inhabitants of Italy, probably alteration of an earlier ethnonym by association with ab origine

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World English Dictionary
aborigine (ˌæbəˈrɪdʒɪnɪ)
an original inhabitant of a country or region who has been there from the earliest known times
[C16: back formation from aborigines, from Latin: inhabitants of Latium in pre-Roman times, probably representing some tribal name but associated in folk etymology with ab origine from the beginning]

Aborigine (ˌæbəˈrɪdʒɪnɪ)
1.  Also called: Aboriginal a member of the indigenous people who were living in Australia when European settlers arrived
2.  See also Australian any of the languages of this people

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Word Origin & History

1858, mistaken singular of aborigines (1540s; the correct singular is aboriginal), from L. Aborigines "the first inhabitants" (especially of Latium), possibly a tribal name, or from ab origine, lit. "from the beginning." Extended 1789 to natives of other countries which Europeans have colonized. Australian
slang shortening Abo attested from 1922.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
aborigines [(ab-uh-rij-uh-neez)]

The earliest known inhabitants of a region. The term is most often associated with the native hunting and gathering population of Australia, who preceded the arrival of white settlers. (See hunting and gathering societies.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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