abrupt

[uh-bruhpt]
adjective
1.
sudden or unexpected: an abrupt departure.
2.
curt or brusque in speech, manner, etc.: an abrupt reply.
3.
terminating or changing suddenly: an abrupt turn in a road.
4.
having many sudden changes from one subject to another; lacking in continuity or smoothness: an abrupt writing style.
5.
steep; precipitous: an abrupt descent.
6.
Botany, truncate ( def 4 ).

Origin:
1575–85; < Latin abruptus broken off (past participle of abrumpere), equivalent to ab- ab- + -rup- break + -tus past participle suffix

abruptly, adverb
abruptness, noun
unabruptly, adverb


1, 3. quick, sharp. See sudden. 2. short, hurried, hasty, blunt. 4. discontinuous, broken, uneven.


1, 3. gradual. 2. deliberate; patient, courteous.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
abrupt (əˈbrʌpt)
 
adj
1.  sudden; unexpected
2.  brusque or brief in speech, manner, etc; curt
3.  (of a style of writing or speaking) making sharp transitions from one subject to another; disconnected
4.  precipitous; steep
5.  botany shaped as though a part has been cut off; truncate
6.  geology (of strata) cropping out suddenly
 
[C16: from Latin abruptus broken off, from ab-1 + rumpere to break]
 
ab'ruptly
 
adv
 
ab'ruptness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

abrupt
1580s, from L. abruptus "broken off, precipitous, disconnected," pp. of abrumpere "break off," from ab- "off" + rumpere "break" (see rupture). Related: Abruptly.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Ten minutes later, the rain stops as abruptly as it began.
Then, abruptly, the spotlight dimmed.
And with the introduction of imminent tragedy, the plot abruptly crashes.
Sometimes slowly and imperceptibly, sometimes abruptly and spectacularly.
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