abstentious

abstention

[ab-sten-shuhn]
noun
1.
an act or instance of abstaining.
2.
withholding of a vote.

Origin:
1515–25; < Late Latin abstentiōn- (stem of abstentiō), equivalent to Latin abstent(us), past participle of abstinēre to abstain + -iōn- -ion

abstentious, adjective
nonabstention, noun
unabstentious, adjective

abstention, abstinence.
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World English Dictionary
abstention (əbˈstɛnʃən)
 
n
1.  a voluntary decision not to act; the act of refraining or abstaining
2.  the act of withholding one's vote
 
[C16: from Late Latin abstentiōn-, from Latin abstinēre. See abstain]
 
ab'stentious
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

abstention
1520s, from Fr., from L. abstentionem (nom. abstentio) "the act of retaining," from abstentus, pp. of abstinere (see abstain).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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