We see, therefore, that in adopting the pantheon of Accad, the Semites made three important changes.
A statue of him has been found at Agade or Accad, and also his cylinder with an inscription on it giving his name and exploits.
Of these Shumir had many, even more venerable for their age and holiness than those of Accad.
This is Samas-natsir, who is coupled with Sargon of Accad and other early monarchs in one of the lists.
The cuneiform writing was probably derived from an100 earlier hieroglyphic language among the most primitive people of Accad.
No one could become the legitimate lord of Shumir and Accad before he had been solemnly enthroned in the temple at Uru.
We have already seen (p. 261) that king Hammurabi boasted to have supplied Sumir and Accad with water for ever.
It is these kings of Ur who first take the significant title "kings of Shumir and Accad."
Its people were of Turanian stock, its language was nearly akin to that of Shumir and Accad.
These are the geographical situation of the land of Magan, and the historical character of the annals of Sargon of Accad.
the high land or mountains, a city in the land of Shinar. It has been identified with the mounds of Akker Kuf, some 50 miles to the north of Babylon; but this is doubtful. It was one of the cities of Nimrod's kingdom (Ge 10:10). It stood close to the Euphrates, opposite Sippara. (See SEPHARVAIM.) It is also the name of the country of which this city was the capital, namely, northern or upper Babylonia. The Accadians who came from the "mountains of the east," where the ark rested, attained to a high degree of civilization. In the Babylonian inscriptions they are called "the black heads" and "the black faces," in contrast to "the white race" of Semitic descent. They invented the form of writing in pictorial hieroglyphics, and also the cuneiform system, in which they wrote many books partly on papyrus and partly on clay. The Semitic Babylonians ("the white race"), or, as some scholars think, first the Cushites, and afterwards, as a second immigration, the Semites, invaded and conquered this country; and then the Accadian language ceased to be a spoken language, although for the sake of its literary treasures it continued to be studied by the educated classes of Babylonia. A large portion of the Ninevite tablets brought to light by Oriental research consists of interlinear or parallel translations from Accadian into Assyrian; and thus that long-forgotten language has been recovered by scholars. It belongs to the class of languages called agglutinative, common to the Tauranian race; i.e., it consists of words "glued together," without declension of conjugation. These tablets in a remarkable manner illustrate ancient history. Among other notable records, they contain an account of the Creation which closely resembles that given in the book of Genesis, of the Sabbath as a day of rest, and of the Deluge and its cause. (See BABYLON ØT0000409; CHALDEA.)