acheulian

Acheulean

[uh-shoo-lee-uhn]
adjective
of, pertaining to, or typical of a Lower Paleolithic culture of the middle Pleistocene Epoch, characterized by large hand axes and cleavers made by the soft hammer technique.
Also, Acheulian.


Origin:
1890–95; < French acheuléen, named after St. Acheul, N France (Somme) (where remains were found) + -éen, variant of -ien (< Latin -iānus -ian), orig. with nouns ending in

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To acheulian
Collins
World English Dictionary
Acheulian or archaeol Acheulean (əˈʃuːlɪən, -jən, əˈʃuːlɪən, -jən)
 
n
1.  (in Europe) the period in the Lower Palaeolithic following the Abbevillian, represented by the use of soft hammerstones in hand axe production made of chipped stone, bone, antler, or wood. The Acheulian dates from the Riss glaciation
2.  (in Africa) the period represented by every stage of hand axe development
 
adj
3.  of or relating to this period
 
[C20: after St Acheul, town in northern France]
 
Acheulean or archaeol Acheulean
 
n
 
adj
 
[C20: after St Acheul, town in northern France]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Science Dictionary
Acheulian also Acheulean   (ə-sh'lē-ən)  Pronunciation Key 
Relating to a stage of tool culture of the Lower Paleolithic Period, dating from around 1.5 million to 150,000 years ago, characterized especially by flaked bifacial hand axes, cleavers, and other core tools. The earliest Acheulian tools have been found at African sites associated with Homo erectus fossils. Later examples have been found at numerous sites in the Middle East, Europe, and western and southern Asia.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature