sun-dried brick made of clay and straw, in common use in countries having little rainfall.
a yellow silt or clay, deposited by rivers, used to make bricks.
a building constructed of adobe.
a dark, heavy soil, containing clay.

1750–60; Americanism; < Spanish < Arabic al-ṭub the brick < Coptic to:o:be brick < Egyptian Demotic tb < Egyptian Hieroglyphic ḏbt Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
adobe (əˈdəʊbɪ)
1.  a.  a sun-dried brick used for building
 b.  (as modifier): an adobe house
2.  a building constructed of such bricks
3.  the clayey material from which such bricks are made
[C19: from Spanish]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1739, Amer.Eng., from Sp. adobe, from oral form of Arabic al-tob "the brick," from Coptic tube "brick," a word found in hieroglyphics.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The previous inhabitants of the three decrepit one-story adobe buildings on her
  dusty lot were a family of bats.
Adobe revolutionizes how the world engages with ideas and information-anytime,
  anywhere, and through any medium.
The story is set on a hot planet, the natives come out only at night, their
  houses are windowless adobe.
Make your own backyard adobe oven with our step-by-step pictures and directions.
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