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Adonijah

[ad-n-ahy-juh] /ˌæd nˈaɪ dʒə/
noun
1.
a son of David, put to death at the order of Solomon. II Sam. 3:4; I Kings 2:19–25.
Also, Douay Bible, Adonias
[ad-n-ahy-uh s] /ˌæd nˈaɪ əs/ (Show IPA)
.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Adonijah in the Bible

my Lord is Jehovah. (1.) The fourth son of David (2 Sam. 3:4). After the death of his elder brothers, Amnon and Absalom, he became heir-apparent to the throne. But Solomon, a younger brother, was preferred to him. Adonijah, however, when his father was dying, caused himself to be proclaimed king. But Nathan and Bathsheba induced David to give orders that Solomon should at once be proclaimed and admitted to the throne. Adonijah fled and took refuge at the altar, and received pardon for his conduct from Solomon on the condition that he showed himself "a worthy man" (1 Kings 1:5-53). He afterwards made a second attempt to gain the throne, but was seized and put to death (1 Kings 2:13-25). (2.) A Levite sent with the princes to teach the book of the law to the inhabitants of Judah (2 Chr. 17:8). (3.) One of the "chiefs of the people" after the Captivity (Neh. 10:16).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for Adonijah

in the Old Testament, the fourth son of David, the natural heir to the throne. David's favourite wife, Bathsheba, organized an intrigue in favour of her son Solomon. Shortly after his accession, Solomon had Adonijah put to death on the ground that, by seeking to marry David's concubine Abishag, he was aiming at the crown (I Kings 1 ff.).

Learn more about Adonijah with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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