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adverse

[ad-vurs, ad-vurs] /ædˈvɜrs, ˈæd vɜrs/
adjective
1.
unfavorable or antagonistic in purpose or effect:
adverse criticism.
2.
opposing one's interests or desire:
adverse circumstances.
3.
being or acting in a contrary direction; opposed or opposing:
adverse winds.
4.
opposite; confronting:
the adverse page.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Anglo-French, Old French advers < Latin adversus hostile (past participle of advertere), equivalent to ad- ad- + vert- turn + -tus past participle suffix, with -tt- > -s-
Related forms
adversely, adverb
adverseness, noun
unadverse, adjective
unadversely, adverb
unadverseness, noun
Can be confused
adverse, averse (see usage note at the current entry)
Synonyms
1. hostile, inimical, unfriendly. 2. unfavorable; unlucky, unfortunate; disastrous, calamitous, catastrophic. See contrary.
Antonyms
1–3. favorable.
Usage note
The adjectives adverse and averse are related both etymologically and semantically, each having “opposition” as a central sense. Adverse is seldom used of people but rather of effects or events, and it usually conveys a sense of hostility or harmfulness: adverse reviews; adverse winds; adverse trends in the economy. Related nouns are adversity and adversary: Adversities breed bitterness. His adversaries countered his every move. Averse is used of persons and means “feeling opposed or disinclined”; it often occurs idiomatically with a preceding negative to convey the opposite meaning “willing or agreeable,” and is not interchangeable with adverse in these contexts: We are not averse to holding another meeting. The related noun is aversion: She has a strong aversion to violence. Averse is usually followed by to, in older use occasionally by from.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for adversely
  • The smaller operators are also being adversely affected by shifts within the industry.
  • The same problem is beginning to adversely affect academe.
  • Industrial production may be adversely affected in the interim.
  • Pollution occurs when a material is added to a body of water or an area of land that adversely affects it.
  • Some said they could be adversely affected if punitive customs duties were imposed.
  • If the coral is not protected, millions of people would be adversely affected.
  • Despite those safeguards, some now-standard features could be adversely affecting performance.
  • Early estimates of displaced and adversely affected people made compensation and resettlement seem manageable.
  • Again, this doesn't make it right, and also adversely affects everyone by raising the cost of living.
  • Radiation can induce cataracts and cancer, as well as adversely affect many physiological processes.
British Dictionary definitions for adversely

adverse

/ˈædvɜːs; ædˈvɜːs/
adjective
1.
antagonistic or inimical; hostile: adverse criticism
2.
unfavourable to one's interests: adverse circumstances
3.
contrary or opposite in direction or position: adverse winds
4.
(of leaves, flowers, etc) facing the main stem Compare averse (sense 2)
Derived Forms
adversely, adverb
adverseness, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin adversus opposed to, hostile, from advertere to turn towards, from ad- to, towards + vertere to turn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for adversely

adverse

adj.

late 14c., "contrary, opposing," from Old French avers (13c., Modern French adverse) "antagonistic, unfriendly, contrary, foreign" (e.g. gent avers "infidel race"), from Latin adversus "turned against, turned toward, fronting, facing," figuratively "hostile, adverse, unfavorable," past participle of advertere, from ad- "to" (see ad-) + vertere "to turn" (see versus). Related: Adversely.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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