an effort to appear to have a quality not really or fully possessed; the pretense of actual possession: an affectation of interest in art; affectation of great wealth.
conspicuous artificiality of manner or appearance; effort to attract notice by pretense, assumption, or any assumed peculiarity.
a trait, action, or expression characterized by such artificiality: a man of a thousand affectations.
strenuous pursuit, desire, or aspiration.
affection; fondness: his affectation of literature.

1540–50; < Latin affectātiōn- (stem of affectātiō) a striving after, equivalent to affectāt(us), past participle of affectāre to affect2 (see -ate1) + -iōn- -ion

nonaffectation, noun

affectation, affection.

2. pretension, airs, mannerisms, pose.

2. artlessness, simplicity, sincerity. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
affectation (ˌæfɛkˈteɪʃən)
1.  an assumed manner of speech, dress, or behaviour, esp one that is intended to impress others
2.  (often foll by of) deliberate pretence or false display: affectation of nobility
[C16: from Latin affectātiōn- an aiming at, striving after, from affectāre; see affect²]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1540s, "studied display," from L. affectationem (nom. affectatio) "a striving after," from affectare "to strive for" (see affect (v.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The affectation for authenticity that reviewers flattered themselves for
  wanting does not stand above the character on the screen.
He has something to tell, and he tells it clearly and without affectation.
Nonfunctional fender vent, right, is an affectation.
Traditional cooking is nothing more than pointless affectation.
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