verb (used with object)
to state or assert positively; maintain as true: to affirm one's loyalty to one's country; He affirmed that all was well.
to confirm or ratify: The appellate court affirmed the judgment of the lower court.
to assert solemnly: He affirmed his innocence.
to express agreement with or commitment to; uphold; support: to affirm human rights.
verb (used without object)
to state something solemnly before a court or magistrate, but without oath.
to ratify and accept a voidable transaction.
(of an appellate court) to determine that the action of the lower court shall stand.

1300–50; < Latin affirmāre, equivalent to af- af- + firmāre to make firm (see firm1); replacing Middle English a(f)fermen < Middle French afermer < Latin

affirmable, adjective
affirmably, adverb
affirmer, noun
affirmingly, adverb
overaffirm, verb
preaffirm, verb
reaffirm, verb (used with object)
unaffirmed, adjective

1. aver, asseverate, depose, testify. See declare. 2. approve, endorse.

1. deny. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
affirm (əˈfɜːm)
1.  (may take a clause as object) to declare to be true; assert positively
2.  to uphold, confirm, or ratify
3.  (intr) law to make an affirmation
[C14: via Old French from Latin affirmāre to present (something) as firm or fixed, assert, from ad- to + firmāre to make firm1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

early 14c., from O.Fr. afermer, from L. affirmare "to make steady, strengthen, corroborate," from ad- "to" + firmare "strengthen, make firm," from firmus "strong" (see firm (adj.)). Spelling refashioned 16c. on L. model.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
People need to respond to the confidence in an affirming way for it to continue to work.
The protectionists lately have been affirming that the autumn session will be devoted to railway questions-Times.
Such openness is a disposition worth affirming, not only within families but in the wider world as well.
They had no need to pretend, apparently, that my affirming peroration had undone the damage of my impudent reference to the war.
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