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affirm

[uh-furm] /əˈfɜrm/
verb (used with object)
1.
to state or assert positively; maintain as true:
to affirm one's loyalty to one's country; He affirmed that all was well.
2.
to confirm or ratify:
The appellate court affirmed the judgment of the lower court.
3.
to assert solemnly:
He affirmed his innocence.
4.
to express agreement with or commitment to; uphold; support:
to affirm human rights.
verb (used without object)
5.
Law.
  1. to state something solemnly before a court or magistrate, but without oath.
  2. to ratify and accept a voidable transaction.
  3. (of an appellate court) to determine that the action of the lower court shall stand.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; < Latin affirmāre, equivalent to af- af- + firmāre to make firm (see firm1); replacing Middle English a(f)fermen < Middle French afermer < Latin
Related forms
affirmable, adjective
affirmably, adverb
affirmer, noun
affirmingly, adverb
overaffirm, verb
preaffirm, verb
reaffirm, verb (used with object)
unaffirmed, adjective
Synonyms
1. aver, asseverate, depose, testify. See declare. 2. approve, endorse.
Antonyms
1. deny.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for affirms
  • It also affirms one of the library's stated goals to be a player in the digital age.
  • The project affirms the power of one individual, one family and one group to reverse global warming.
  • Evolution only affirms that living things are governed by a unifying law.
  • Failing such directives, the law affirms the presumption that all patients consent to be resuscitated.
  • The outpouring of food, dollars and labor affirms our humanity.
  • One can go through his oeuvre and find instances where he affirms scientific progress and other instances where he denies it.
  • The monk affirms, and then realizes he has already received the teaching.
British Dictionary definitions for affirms

affirm

/əˈfɜːm/
verb (mainly transitive)
1.
(may take a clause as object) to declare to be true; assert positively
2.
to uphold, confirm, or ratify
3.
(intransitive) (law) to make an affirmation
Derived Forms
affirmer, affirmant, noun
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Latin affirmāre to present (something) as firm or fixed, assert, from ad- to + firmāre to make firm1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for affirms

affirm

v.

c.1300, from Old French afermier (Modern French affirmer) "affirm, confirm; strengthen, consolidate," from Latin affirmare "to make steady, strengthen," figuratively "confirm, corroborate," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + firmare "strengthen, make firm," from firmus "strong" (see firm (adj.)). Spelling refashioned 16c. in French and English on Latin model. Related: Affirmed; affirming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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