affricate

affricate

[n. af-ri-kit; v. af-ri-keyt] Phonetics.
noun
1.
Also called affricative. a speech sound comprising occlusion, plosion, and frication, as either of the ch- sounds in church and the j- sound in joy.
verb (used with object), affricated, affricating.
2.
to change the pronunciation of (a stop) to an affricate, especially by releasing (the stop) slowly.

Origin:
1875–85; < Latin affricātus rubbed against (past participle of affricāre), equivalent to af- af- + fric- (see friction) + -ātus -ate1

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World English Dictionary
affricate (ˈæfrɪkɪt)
 
n
a composite speech sound consisting of a stop and a fricative articulated at the same point, such as the sound written ch, as in chair
 
[C19: from Latin affricāre to rub against, from fricāre to rub; compare friction]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

affricate

a consonant sound that begins as a stop (sound with complete obstruction of the breath stream) and concludes with a fricative (sound with incomplete closure and a sound of friction). Examples of affricates are the ch sound in English chair, which may be represented phonetically as a t sound followed by sh; the j in English jaw (a d followed by the zh sound heard in French jour or in English azure); and the ts sound often heard in German and spelled with z as in zehn, meaning ten

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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